Bhagawan Sri Sathya Sai Baba Divine Discourse
Prasanthi Nilayam, 6 August 2008
This land of Bharat (India) is the motherland for great people who acquired name and fame in different continents;
This land of Bharat is the battlefield where the warriors of foreign countries were driven out and freedom from foreign rule obtained;
The sweetest feeling of this land of Bharat is the feeling of motherhood.
Consigning to flames the moral fabric of our country that ordains self-respect as more valuable than one’s own life,
The dagger of unrestrained freedom has been given to the people today imitating the western countries;
Just as an elephant that is unable to realise its own strength, So are the Bharatiyas (Indians) today.
The elephant, not knowing its own inherent strength, meekly submits itself to the mahout and obeys his commands. Similarly, a human, unable to realise their own divine nature, submits themself to the world and its attractions and in the process encounters several difficulties. One is unable to bear even a little inconvenience. Someone transferred to a new place feels diffident to take up the new assignment. If their son or daughter falls sick, they are filled with anxiety. One lives in the grip of fear. One is unable to realise one’s own strength.
Education is for life, not for a living
The reason for this fear complex is modern education. It does not develop self-confidence and self-reliance. Modern education teaches you how to make a living in the outside world. You may earn money and make a comfortable living by providing all sorts of conveniences to the ephemeral physical body, with the help of modern education. But you cannot have peace of mind. You may enjoy worldly pleasures with money, but spiritual bliss cannot be attained with wealth.
Hence, never forget spirituality under any circumstances. Only spiritual life can confer peace and happiness. It is said “Bhajana bina sukha santi nahi …” — peace and happiness can be attained only by singing the glory of the Divine and not by wealth or worldly possessions. Worldly education aims at providing physical comforts only.
In spite of education and intelligence,
A foolish person will not know their true Self and
A mean-minded person will not give up their evil qualities.
Modern education leads only to argumentation, not to total wisdom.
What is the use of acquiring education that cannot lead you to immortality? Acquire that knowledge which will make you immortal. (Telugu poem)
What is the use of pursuing such type of education? A human being needs to cultivate the five human values, namely, truth (sathya), righteousness (dharma), peace (santhi), love (prema), and nonviolence (ahimsa). Lust, anger, greed, delusion, etc. are qualities of animals. Unfortunately, today, people are developing animal qualities. They make no effort to cultivate human qualities. That is why they have no peace of mind or happiness in spite of accumulating a lot of wealth.
It is in this context that much emphasis is laid on ‘educare’ instead of education. What is educare? Educare is manifesting one’s own innate divine nature. One can experience bliss by doing so. There are several colleges and universities in different parts of the world today. There are innumerable professors, and Ph.D.s too. But could their high academic degrees confer peace and happiness on them? Why didn’t the world experience peace and happiness in spite of producing so many educated people? The reason: all their education is meant to make a comfortable living.
Education is for life, not for a mere living. One has to pursue educare along with education. Education is related to the outside world, whereas educare concerns itself with one’s inner being. It relates to the Atma (soul). Where is Atma? It is everywhere. It is omnipresent. The Vedas declare “I am Brahman (Aham Brahmasmi). This dictum denotes the universal existence of God. A human being is the embodiment of the divine Self, verily; a human is not merely a human being. Since you identify yourself with the physical body, you consider yourself a mere mortal.
There are five human values. The first one is truth (sathya). What is its form? It has no form. It is beyond description. Similarly, peace (santhi) cannot be perceived by the naked eye. So also the other human values like righteousness (dharma), love (prema), and nonviolence (ahimsa) have no form. Love is one quality that is present in all human beings, but it is invisible. It can be recognised only when it is showered on another human being. Where there is love, there cannot be hatred. Where there is no hatred, there cannot be violence. That is nonviolence.
Strangely, the term human value has acquired a new meaning these days. It is mistaken for accumulating wealth and maintaining a bank balance. People think this is the purpose of education. This is not true. The real human values are truth, righteousness, peace, love, and nonviolence. Anything contrary to these values is animalistic in nature. Hence, whenever you are confronted with such animal thoughts, remind yourself, “I am not an animal, I am not an animal, I am a human being, I am a human being.” You are a human being, not an animal.
However, you can be considered a human being only when you manifest human qualities, not otherwise. You may be highly educated and well read, but if you do not have human qualities, you cannot be called a human being. Only that person who manifests the five human values can be called a real human being.
You may be an emperor with lot of wealth and man-power to support you, but you may not be happy. Real peace and happiness come from an inner feeling of peace and tranquility. Worldly positions and power cannot confer peace and happiness.
You all know the story of Alexander. He went round the world on a conquest. He crossed the river Sindhu and came to India. Meanwhile he had a heart attack. A good number of doctors around him examined him and declared that he might not live long and might die very soon. Alexander called his ministers and generals and told them “After I leave this body, wrap my dead body with a white cloth, keeping my both hands in a raised position so that all people can see my empty hands. Then take my body in procession through all the streets of our village. Whoever sees my body will ask why my hands are kept in such raised position. Tell them that Emperor Alexander conquered all the countries and accumulated a lot of wealth. However, at the time of his death, none, even the mighty army or the doctors presentm could save him. He left the world empty-handed, leaving behind all his empire and great wealth.”.
Similarly, one may be a billionaire or a millionaire; yet one has to leave this world with empty hands. You may store your wealth in bank lockers, but you cannot take even a handful of earth along with you at the time of leaving this world. Not even a dust particle.
That which manifests one’s innate Divinity is real education
All education that we pursue today is secular. No doubt that is also necessary, but the real education is that which helps you to manifest your innate divinity. You may read a number of texts, and teach them to others, too, but they cannot make your life exemplary.
What sort of education should a man pursue? Educare. What is educare? Educare is manifesting one’s innate human qualities in the outside world. No textbooks need be read for this purpose. However, since you came into this world with a physical body, you have to acquire education and earn money to sustain that body. Secular education is for sustaining the physical body.
The chanting of the Gayatri Mantra starts with AUM. Then the mantra proper reads
Bhur Bhuva Suvah
Tat Savitur Varenyam
Bhargo Devasya Dheemahi
Dhiyo Yo Nah Prachodayat
We contemplate the glory of Light illuminating the three worlds: gross, subtle, and causal.
I am that vivifying power, love, radiant illumination, and divine grace of universal intelligence.
We pray for the divine light to illumine our minds.
The chanting of AUM itself will confer all the benefits that accrue by chanting of the mantra. There is a great necessity today to explain the significance and inner meanings of such mantras to students. That is why we have recruited teachers who can explain these spiritual aspects along with secular education.
The first Vice Chancellor of our University, V. K. Gokak, was one such great teacher who could impart secular education with spiritual background. I knew him even before we started our colleges. He learnt several aspects from Me. He always used to chant the divine name of Swami. He and his wife had single minded devotion. Whenever I visited their house, first of all, they would take Me to their worship room. Gokak’s heart was very pure.
Such a noble person became the first Vice Chancellor of our university. Students today are enjoying the fruits of all the hard work done by him. He used to obey My command in letter and spirit. He used to approach Me to clarify even a small doubt. Today, his eldest son, Anil Gokak, is laying down the office of the Vice Chancellor of our university after completing his tenure of three years. Anil is a worthy son of a worthy father. Having completed his tenure, he is leaving the university, but I know that his mind is always with Swami.
Both Anil Gokak and his wife are ardent devotees of Swami. Do not think that they are going away from us, nor are we sending them away. Sri Sathya Sai University is imprinted in their hearts. Their thoughts are always focused on Swami. Their hearts are always tuned to Swami. Swami is always with them. Do not think that we are giving them a send-off today. No, no. We do not give send-off to anyone — we always welcome, welcome, welcome. I also told them that wherever they were, they should come here and have Swami’s darshan (sight of a holy person).
The Gokak family has always remained a homogeneous unit. Wherever they are, Swami is firmly installed in their heart. Anil Gokak is Mine and I am his. I told him, “I and you are one.”
Not only Anil, all of you are part of Me, though outwardly you appear to be different from Me. “God is immanent in every living being (Easwara sarva bhutanam).” “The entire universe is permeated by God (Easavasyamidam jagat). Even ants and insects are different forms of God. There is nothing in the universe that is not divine. That is the truth.
Creation emerges from truth and merges into truth.
Is there a place in the cosmos where truth does not exist?
Visualise this pure and unsullied truth.
Develop the feeling that God is always with us
Everything is God. It is God that protects or punishes. Do not be under the impression that someone is punishing you. It is God’s will that works through him. Whoever hurts you or causes suffering to you, always think that they belong to you. Never entertain an ill feeling against that person. All are one, be alike to everyone. The bodies may be different and the thoughts may be different. But, the Atmic principle (Atma thathwa) in all is only one. No one can separate the Atma as belonging to this person or that person.
Wherever you go, whether it is America or Japan or Germany or Pakistan or India, only one sun illuminates the entire world. It is daytime for us now, whereas it is night in America. Does it mean that there is no sun in America? No. The sun is here, there, and everywhere, illumining the entire world. Since the earth rotates round the sun, it is night in America at this point of time.
Similarly, God is everywhere. He is omnipresent. We need not search for Him in some corner. He is immanent in us. One should develop a feeling that God is always with us, in us, above us, and below us. One should develop such firm faith. Then one can see Him at any place of one’s choice. You may contemplate upon Rama or Krishna. While doing so, keep the form of your chosen deity before your mind’s eye and contemplate on Him. Surely you will visualise that form. Therefore, do not entertain the feeling that God has forsaken you. If God were to forsake you, how could you exist in the world? God and you are one. Lord Easwara is also referred to as Arthanareeswara (Lord who is half male, half female), signifying the unity between the male and female aspects of Divinity.
In fact, all our troubles are due to our attachment to the material world (prakriti). Do not entertain the feeling that you are separate from God, that you are only a devotee, etc. Do not think that He is God and you are only a servant of God. You are not merely a devotee. You are God, verily. Constantly remind yourself “I am God, I am God, I am God.”
All the names that are given to individuals are for the purpose of identification. They are not eternal. In fact, all names and forms are meant to be shed at one time or other. But the Atma is eternal and changeless. If ‘I’ and ‘mine’ are removed, what remains is God only. You say this is my body, my mind, my intellect, etc. You are not the body, you are not the mind, you are not the intellect. You are separate from all these things. You are God, verily.
Fill water in thousand vessels and keep them in the sun. The sun reflects in all thousand vessels, but there is only one sun. Just as the one sun reflects in thousand vessels, so also the one God illumines the entire universe. God is one, and the goal is one. You have to develop the feeling that everything, good or bad, profit or loss, is God. Of course, secular education and ideas are necessary to a certain extent.
Today, Viswanath Pandit is taking charge as the new Vice Chancellor. He has also toured several countries of the world as an academician. He is ‘Viswanatha’. He is a very good person.
In the past also, several Vice Chancellors worked in this university and left after completing their tenure. They may not be present here in their physical bodies, but their Atmas are always with Me. In fact, I am their Atma. Hence, no one should feel that someone has left and some other person has come in his place.
Perform your duty. This duty strengthens your relationship with God. Duty is God. Anil Gokak performed his duties very well. He used to bring even a small matter to the notice of Swami for clarification. I need such people. Right from the first Vice Chancellor, the senior Gokak, to the junior Gokak, all Vice Chancellors are My people only. Even the future Vice Chancellors belong to Me only. I utilise the services of all these persons for the development of students.
Students must develop equal-mindedness
The students are also good. College students in the outside world these days are problematic, but our students cannot be compared to those boys. Our students are unique. They do not join unsuitable company in the outside world. They maintain good behaviour at all times. Everywhere they are distinct and distinguishable, but that does not mean that they are separate or misfits in any society. Wherever they are, they act in harmony with their local community and always conduct themselves with dignity, obeying Swami’s command.
Spirituality is like the head of a physical body. Only when the head functions well do all the limbs in the body function smoothly. Our students should therefore treat spirituality as their head. Each lecturer teaches a particular subject in the class room, and the students should imprint their teachings in their hearts. They should not differentiate between the lecturers, saying so and so is a great lecturer and others are not. If you conduct yourself as good boys with sterling character and leadership qualities, you can even rule this country in the years to come. Hence, develop a sense of equal-mindedness, treat all lecturers as good, and take their lessons to your heart. This is what I wish to emphasise today as My advice to all the students of our Institute.
Let there be unity between your thoughts, words, and deeds. That is triple purity (trikarana suddhi). What you think, you should speak; what you speak, you must put into practice. That is real humanness. Unity does not mean gathering of all people at one place. What is needed is perfect harmony between thoughts, words, and deeds. That is real educare. Educare is very much immanent in you. You need not refer to any textbooks to find educare. Our heart itself is a textbook. Follow its teachings. Then you will become good students and good people. The good people are God’s own people. Don’t consider yourself as merely students. You are not merely students. Only your body is a student, but in your heart, you are verily divine.
Anil Gokak is leaving today. He will come back. Wherever he and his family reside, they belong to Me. I belong to them too. This is our relationship. I wish that all of you should conduct yourself as good students and welcome the incoming Vice Chancellor, Viswanath Pandit ‚with love and respect. Be happy.