Editor’s note. This discourse does not appear in the Sathya Sai Speaks series.
Bhagawan Sri Sathya Sai Baba Divine Discourse
Sai Sruthi, Kodaikanal, 29 April 2009
Creation emerges from truth and merges into truth.
Is there a place in the cosmos where truth does not exist?
Visualise this pure and unsullied truth.
When you lost faith, you lose God
Everyone wants peace and happiness. Nobody wants sorrows and difficulties. In his speech, Popat said that all are embodiments of God. God is one. There is no second entity. When you think there is a second entity, then it is untruth. Therefore, there is nothing like a second entity.
All are One
Right from small ants, mosquitoes, and birds to mighty elephants, every being is the manifestation of God. Even the trees, hills, and mountains are manifestations of God. Such being the case, how can there be a second entity? A second entity is just your imagination and illusion. It is of your own making. Just think where your body came from. You say that it came from your parents. No, no. You did not come from your parents. You came from yourself. There is only one entity. Where is the existence of the second?
But people today put their faith in diversity and not in unity. What does unity mean? It is not the combination of many; it is the realisation of oneness.
When you have mirrors all around you, you see your many forms. These are all your different forms. But this is not the truth. The one who asks the question and the one who gives the reply, both are one and the same. All are one. God is in the form of a human being (Daivam manusha rupena). The same person appears in many forms. To consider these forms as different from each other is a mistake.
When I am speaking in the microphone, you are listening to My voice. The speaker is only one, but the same voice is heard by many ears.
I am the only Reality in all beings (Ekoham sarva bhutanam); truth is one, but the wise refer to it by various names (Ekam sath viprah bahudha vadanti).
There is only one sun in the sky. But we see its reflection in many rivers, tanks, and vessels. Sun is only one. But wherever there is water, you see its reflection. Pour water in a plate, and you can see the reflection of the sun even in that water. Does it mean that the sun is there in this water? No, no. It is only the reflection of the sun. In the same way, Atma is only one. The mind, the intellect, the subconscious mind, and the ego sense are like different vessels. Therefore, Divinity is one.
God can be seen in pure heart
Everything is God. If you think otherwise, it is only your delusion, i.e. maya. When the sun is shining above, you can see its reflections in all tanks. Even where the water is dirty, you can see its reflection. But when the water is totally dirty, then, of course, you cannot see its reflection. In the same way, when your heart is pure and clear, you can see the direct manifestation of God in it. But your heart is impure. When you thoroughly clean your heart, you can very well see God.
God is immanent in everyone. Right from a newborn baby to a grown-up and old person, He is present in everyone. A small baby grows up and ultimately becomes old. The baby, the woman, and the old lady are the same person. Because of their thinking, people see many different forms.
But God does not have different forms. In fact, He has no form. However, He has many names.
Even though He has many names, they all correspond to the many reflections of the same divinity.
You can see the reflection of the sun in flowing water and also in stagnant water. In the flowing water, the reflection appears to be wavering, but in steady water, the reflection is also steady. Your mind develops attachment to the world because of your delusion. Everything in this world is just a projection of delusion (maya).
Hiranyakasipu asked his son Prahlada, “Where is God? You are always chanting Narayana, Narayana. Who is Narayana?
Prahlada replied, “A human being is Narayana. Wherever you look, you see only Narayana. He is in me, He is in you, He is in all others.”
Hiranyakasipu asked, “Is He there in this pillar?”
“Surely, He is there in it”, replied Prahlada.
Hiranyakasipu took a mace and hit the pillar with it. At once he saw the manifestation of Lord Vishnu. Therefore, wherever you look, God is there. But people like Hiranyakasipu have no faith in God.
Develop the vision to see unity
Though there is total unity in creation, we look at it from the angle of diversity. We say, “He is my father, she is my mother, she is my elder sister, she is my younger sister.” We develop relationships on the basis of forms. Where did these relationships come from? Nothing can exist without the principle of unity.
Here is an example. A dog entered a room fitted with mirrors and saw many dogs in the mirrors. It was afraid to see so many dogs in the room, considering them as danger to its life. In order to escape from the situation, it jumped upon one of the mirrors, considering its own reflection in it to be another dog. As it did that, it saw that the dog in the mirror also jumped upon it. In the process, the mirror broke. Then, it felt that there was no other dog at the place and escaped from the room. It felt greatly relieved that it could save itself from so many other dogs. But where were so many dogs? It saw its own reflection in so many mirrors.
The same is the case with people today. If one sees all other forms as one’s own reflection in the mirror of the world, one will realise the principle of unity. So, there are no such separate entities like father, mother, brother, and sister. But one develops worldly relationships due to one’s delusion and says, “She is my sister, he is my brother, he is my father, she is my mother.” These are all only physical relationships and not relationships based on your divine reality. Try to understand that the same Atma is present in all. But you develop worldly relationships, forgetting the principle of the Atma.
You say, “She is my wife,” but prior to the marriage, she is separate and you are separate. Only after the marriage do you say, “My wife, my wife.” How did you develop this relationship of husband and wife? It is due only to your delusion. It is because of delusion that one makes many mistakes and indulges in many undesirable activities.
Wherever you look, there is God, and God is one. People say, “He is Rama, He is Krishna, He is Siva, He is Vishnu.” What does it mean? Does it mean that Vishnu, Siva, Rama, and Krishna are separate entities? These are the different names of the same God.
God appears before you in a particular form based on your own imagination. When you contemplate on the form of Krishna as portrayed by artists like Ravi Varma, God will manifest before you in the form of Krishna. In the same way, God will appear before you in the form of Rama. But God is neither Rama nor Krishna. Both Rama and Krishna are you only. The forms of Rama and Krishna are nothing but your own reflections.
When you say, “I want Rama,” God manifests before you in the form of Rama. Similarly, when you say, “I want Krishna,” He appears before you in the form of Krishna. All these forms are nothing but your own reflections.
Reduce the burden of your desires
Both sorrow and happiness are in the world. When you are in difficulty, you say, “Alas! Why has God given me this difficulty? What sin have I committed?” On the other hand, when you earn wealth and are happy, you say, “It is my good fortune.” Neither this is your good fortune nor that is bad. When you have good thoughts, you will have good results. On the other hand, if you have bad thoughts, you will have bad results. Good and bad do not come from outside.
Everything is God. When people see a scorpion, they are afraid that it might bite them. But, in fact, God is even in that scorpion. There is no being in whom God is not immanent. However, you have to get rid of your delusion.
People have too many desires, which are the cause of delusion. Therefore, people should reduce their desires. How should one do so?
All desires are the creation of the mind, which behaves in an arbitrary way. The mind is the cause of bondage and liberation of man (Manah eva manushyanam karanam bandhamokshayo). You should make efforts to follow the path of liberation. Then, there will be no scope for delusion.
People are full of desires, and the cause of all desires is the mind. Therefore, first and foremost, control the mind. If you do so, you will not have even a single desire. Therefore, it is said, less luggage more comfort makes travel a pleasure. God will be pleased with you only when you reduce the luggage of your desires. More desires become great burden for life. With less luggage, you will be more happy.
When one is unmarried, one thinks, “Whatever I have, I can manage with it. I am not bothered even if I have to starve sometimes.” But when one is married and has children, one is burdened with so many worries. Where did the wife and children come from? They came from the same source as you have come. You think someone is your wife because you develop attachment to her. Can you call every woman your wife? No, no. If you say so, you will be beaten. You cannot talk like this. The relationship of wife and husband is only a “body-to-body” relationship. This physical relationship is the cause of many troubles.
A person with money is called rich, but the same person will be called a beggar when they lose their money. When you are wealthy, you are considered bigger; when you are poor, you are treated like a beggar. Therefore, the same person is bigger as well as beggar.
Develop equal-mindedness, and everything will become good for you. Even if somebody beats you, you should think, “The person who is beating me is none other than God. God has beaten me because there is some defect in me. This body has committed a mistake. Therefore, it has to receive punishment.”
Whatever we do, it will come back to us as reaction, reflection, and resound. All that we experience is the result of our own actions. It is not given by God. God does not give anything to people except bliss (ananda). Having experienced bliss, do not criticise the One who has provided it to you. Both happiness and sorrow are the reflection of your own actions. When God loves you, it means that God loves Himself.
God has no attributes. God has no such evil qualities like anger, hatred, jealousy, and hypocrisy, nor are these evil qualities given to you by God. These are all of your own making. Therefore, get rid of your delusion.
If you develop unnecessary worries, thinking, “I don’t have this, I don’t have that”, you will deceive yourself. Reduce your desires. Then you won’t have to carry too much luggage. Only then can you be happy.
Know the Atmic Principle
If you have real love for God, always contemplate on Him. If you have liking for Rama, contemplate on Rama. Similarly, if Krishna is your chosen deity, contemplate on Him. But always remember that Rama and Krishna are not outside; Rama is in your heart, Krishna is in your heart. Whatever form you consider as Rama, contemplate on that form with your eyes closed. You will certainly visualise that form. Ultimately, you will realise, “It is out of my delusion that I considered Rama and Krishna separate from Me. In fact, I am Rama, I am Krishna.”
When you contemplate on Rama, you see that form as a reflection of your thoughts. Similarly, when you think of Krishna, you see Krishna’s form. You think Rama and Krishna are different from you because of your delusion.
Who has seen Rama? Who has seen Krishna? Artists like Ravi Varma painted the pictures of Rama and Krishna on the basis of the descriptions given in the sacred texts. These are mere pictures; they do not reveal the truth.
Everyone can call God by any name of their choice, like Rama, Krishna, and Govinda, and contemplate on a particular name and form. There is no mistake in that. I don’t ask you to give up this practice. But you should have firm conviction, “I am God. My Atma is God.” The Atma has no form. It has only a name. The Atma shines in everyone like the sun. It can be seen only in a heart that is pure. In the heart that is impure, you cannot see it.
Many Avatars came to propagate this truth. Divine incarnations come not for their own sake but to impart the knowledge of truth to everyone. Follow their teachings and understand the principle of the Atma.
Vedanta proclaims that the Atma is the only reality. Waves are formed out of water. There can be no waves when there is no water. In the same way, there can be no form without the Atma. Contemplate on the Atma and chant the mantra “Om Namo Narayanaya, Om Namo Narayanaya, Om Namo Narayanaya.” If you are unable to chant the entire mantra, it is enough to recite “Om”, because everything is immanent in Om. The word Om denotes primordial sound (pranava). The Upanishads describe it as the Atma.
The Taittiriyopanishad deals extensively with the principle of the Atma. The Ramayana, Bhagavata, and Mahabharata reveal the same truth through the stories of the Avatars.
Everything is within you. Nothing is outside. The entire creation is one. Get rid of your delusion and try to understand the truth behind names and forms.
Name and form are inseparable. You chant, “Sai Ram, Sai Ram, Sai Ram …” The name “Sai Ram” has been given to Me. I was not born with it. Similarly, the names Rama and Krishna were given to them by their parents. They were not born with these names. Did Rama come and say, “I am Rama?” No, no. He was the son of Dasaratha and was given the name Rama.
What does the word Dasaratha mean? It means the chariot of human body with its ten senses. Have control over your senses. When you have total control over your senses, there is no need for anything else. You even forget yourself. You forget even your physical body.
The mind controls the body and senses. The body and senses are temporary. Even the mind is also subject to annihilation. We say, “mind, mind, mind.” Where is the mind? What is the form of the mind? It has no form. Mind itself is an illusion.
Enquire on these lines and realise that God is one. This is the only truth. Everything else is delusion. In a cinema, you see many scenes on the screen. You see Sita getting married to Rama, Ravana abducting Sita, Rama waging a war against Ravana, and many friends of Rama taking part in the war. But all these are mere pictures. They are not happening in reality.
There are not many people. All are one. When you follow truth (sathya), right action (dharma) will emerge from it. When truth and right action come together, peace (santhi) will manifest. Where there is peace, there is bliss. Light is produced when negative and positive charges come together.
Love emerges from peace. One who lacks peace cannot have love. When love manifests in us, we consider everyone as our own. All are our own forms. All are one. Be alike to everyone. Make efforts to realise this truth.
When the wind blows, the dry leaves are blown away, but not the green leaves. They remain with the branches. Your humanness should not be like a dry leaf, which is blown away by the wind. Everything is a divine mystery.
The story of Lord Rama is amazing,
It purifies the lives of the people in all the three worlds,
It is like the sickle that cuts the creepers of worldly bondage,
It is like a good friend who helps you in times of need,
It is like a shelter for the sages and seers doing penance in the forest.
Develop steady devotion
Do not allow your mind to become like a dog, which is deluded by its own reflection. The dog is deluded, thinking its reflections in many mirrors are many dogs. There are not many dogs.
You may consider a dog a dog, but God is in it also. Without vibration, even a dog cannot live. What is that vibration? It is the vibration of life. Due to this life principle, the dog eats and moves around.
Do not observe any differences such as, “He is an outsider, he is a rich person, he is a beggar.” All are one. See unity in all. Only then will you have steady and true devotion. Otherwise, you will have bumps and jumps. Your devotion will waver from moment to moment.
Many people consider themselves devotees. As long as they have faith in God, their devotion remains steady. When their devotion wavers, their mind also wavers. Real faith does not waver under any circumstances. Come what may, your devotion should not waver, even if you are cut to pieces. That is steady, unwavering, and unsullied devotion. Develop such steady and selfless devotion.
The same is the teaching of Jesus also. God is one. You have to cut your individual ego to attain Him. This is what the cross symbolises.
Never give up your faith. Hold on to it firmly. Then you will certainly realise your true identity. A person is born to establish humanness and not to destroy it. Develop human qualities of truth, right action, peace, love (prema), and nonviolence (ahimsa). When truth combines with right action, peace and love are born there.
It is love that unites all. Will you kill your son in a fit of anger? No, no. You will scold him, but you will not harm him. Likewise, when you have love, you will treat everyone as your own. Treat all woman as your mothers and sisters.
Forbearance is the real beauty in this sacred land of Bharat.
Of all the rituals, adherence to truth is the greatest penance.
The nectarine feeling in this country is the feeling of love toward one’s mother. (Telugu Poem)
Develop such sacred feelings toward all women. When you marry a woman, only then do you call her your wife. Otherwise, all women are like your mothers and sisters. Similarly, all men are like your brothers. God is one. He is the only male (purusha). There is no other male except Him.
Once the cowherd maidens (gopikas) came to Krishna’s house to meet Him. When they tried to enter the house, the watchman prevented them, saying women cannot enter the house. The maidens questioned him, “How come you are there?”
He replied, “I am a male.”
The maidens said, “You cannot call yourself a male merely because you are wearing a male dress. The five elements and the five life principles are the same in you and us. Merely because you are wearing a male dress and we are wearing a female dress, we can be different from each other. The same Divinity is present in you and us. In fact, Krishna alone is the male (purusha); all others are females.”
To love God is the main goal of life
Today, this equality and unity have become extinct in this world. Due to lack of unity, we are unable to see divinity. Consequently, hatred is on the rise. Today the world is in the grip of differences and fighting due to lack of love. Today, people have even forgotten their humanness.
First of all, understand that you are essentially divine. When you say, “I am person and He is God”, you observe duality. When there are two entities, the third will also find place there, and that is the mind. That will bring about your total ruination.
Husband should be treated as husband and wife should be treated as wife. Each one should discharge their duty. In English, duty refers to a particular work. The duty of a human being is not merely doing some work. Duty connotes selfless work (nishkama karma).
A selfish person is worse than a fish. Fish is better than selfish. Therefore, never give room to selfishness. You can realise the Self only when you give up selfishness. When you become a slave to your senses, you will always remain selfish. Therefore, give up selfishness. Help everyone.
As I said on the day of Rama Navami, God is one. There is apparent diversity in the world. In fact, man is God Himself. Develop faith in this truth. Don’t let your faith waver even a bit. When you lose faith, you lose God.
Whatever may happen to you, never become selfish. When you conduct yourself in this manner, you will realise your Divinity. Then you will have no delusion that Rama, Krishna, Easwara, and Vishnu are different from each other.
Names like Rama and Krishna are given by us. In fact, all names are given by us. Everybody is born from God. God is one, not two. Right from today, make efforts to do away with all differences. When you love God, worship and follow Him. This is the main goal and true purpose of your life.